Roulette is – together with blackjack and poker – one of the most popular casino games worldwide. The word itself has a French background, literally meaning “little wheel”. It’s a simple game, which arouses people’s interest in roulette that provides them hours of gaming pleasure. On this pages, you’ll find more information concerning the different aspects of the game, like the history of roulette and the rules of play.

History of roulette

The first tracks date from already 1796, but the first description dates from 1801, namely in a novel called “La Roulette, ou le Jour”, written by the French writer Jacques Lablée. 

It were actually the French François and Louis Blanc, who introduced the single “0” into the wheel in order to compete with the casinos in possession of a classic wheel, with single “0” double “00” sections. The legend goes that François Blanc sold his soul to the devil in order to discover the secrets of roulette. This legend was established, given the fact that all numbers on the wheel generate a total of 666, the number of the devil.

In America, the earliest description dates from 1886, namely in the gambling books of Hoyle. The wheels of roulette consist in numbers from 1 until 28, in “0” and “00”. In the beginning, they portrayed an American eagle too by means of representation of the American freedom. This portrayal was left behind quickly, so that only the numbered sections remained.

Roulette became more popular each day, but in 1860 Germany decided to forbid gambling games all over the country, which made the family Blanca – known for the foundation of a gambling center for the European elite – move to Monte Carlo. There, the wheel with the single “0” became the most important and popular game, which spread all over the world. Only in de US, roulette with the double “00” became the most played game.

To this very day, the double “00” can be found in American and Caribbean casinos and the single “0” in Europe and in the rest of the world.

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